Tripoli Agreement Mindanao

19 Dec

That same year, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, which had separated from the MNLF in 1977, began informal discussions with the Ramos government. However, these were not followed, and milF began to recruit and establish camps and become the dominant Muslim rebel group. Joseph Estrada`s government has called for a firm stance against it; Gloria Macapagal Arroyo tried to sign a peace agreement with him, but it was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. [12] The Tripoli Agreement not only symbolized mindanao`s first autonomous region, but symbolized the highly indeterminate, permanent and circular nature of the Mindanao peace process. The agreement also marked the beginning of the internationalization of internal conflict resolution in the Philippines, an abandonment of the so-called ASEAN (Association of South Asian Nations) convention on non-interference in the internal conflicts of member states. The new strategy included the facilitation and mediation of international bodies such as the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) and the good offices of a foreign government, the Libyan government. Ferdinand Marcos then implemented the agreement by creating two autonomous regions (instead of one) of ten provinces (instead of thirteen). This led to the collapse of the peace pact and the resumption of hostilities between the MNLF and Philippine government forces. [10] However, President Marcos found, as wise, the means to oust the MNLF to sign an agreement full of provisions that were unclear as to future implementation, such as mantra phrases such as “discuss later,” “fix later” or “determine later.” Eleven of the nineteen provisions of the agreement ended either with “discussing later” or “to be fixed or to be fixed at a later date.” But this time, the dynamics are different. In previous attempts to conclude an executive peace agreement in 1989 and 2001 with implementing laws, discontent with the proposed laws was such that the MNLF and MILF abstained and the overall participation rate was low.

This time, the President, Chiefs of Staff, congressional and Senate leaders, the current GOVERNOR of ARMM and MILF leadership and a majority of MNLF leaders have publicly accepted the BOL as the best response to these historic problems. After the signing of the Tripoli agreement, some of the founding members of the MNLF, such as Ustadz Salamat Hashim, decided to create their own group. Ustadz Hashim, part of the MNLF delegation that was present in Tripoli in December 1976, led the MILF from its founding years until its death in 2001. Among the mediators of the agreement were members of the four-page ministerial committee of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, headed by Ali Abdussalam Treki, representing Muammar Gaddafi, head of the host country, and the secretary general of the OIC, Amadou Karim Gaye. [4] Other members of the Quadrangle Ministerial Committee included, in addition to Treki, representatives from Saudi Arabia, Senegal and Somalia. [1] The 1976 Tripoli Agreement was signed on 23 December 1976 in Tripoli, Libya, by Carmelo Z. Barbero as a representative of the Philippine government and Only Misuari of the Moro National Liberation Front. [1] The agreement established autonomous administrative units for Muslims in the southern Philippines, the formation of an autonomous government, the Sharia justice system and special security forces, and compliance with a ceasefire. [2] The autonomous region should have its own economic system, including an Islamic bank. [3] Under the leadership of Fidel V.