The USMCA will have an impact on the way Member States negotiate future free trade agreements. Section 32.10 requires USMCA countries to notify USMCA members three months in advance if they plan to enter into free trade negotiations with non-market economies. Article 32.10 authorizes USMCA countries to review new free trade agreements. It is generally speculated that Article 32.10 targets China.  In fact, a senior White House official said of the USMCA agreement: “We were very concerned about China`s efforts to undermine the U.S. position by reaching agreements with others.”  4. This is taken from the 2017 underlying. Based on the 2020 sector targets, the share of manufacturing in total U.S.-covered goods exports to China would decline (to 62.5%) in favour of energy products. See appendix. There is no reason why China has not met the Phase 1 targets.
At first, the covid 19 pandemic beat the Chinese economy on its heels, but its trade recovered faster than most others. And some U.S. exports to China – including medical care, pork and semiconductors – have even accelerated in 2020. The agreement is the result of a renegotiation between the member states of the North American Free Trade Agreement, which gave informal agreement on 30 September 2018 and officially on 1 October under the new agreement.  The USMCA was proposed by U.S. President Donald Trump and signed on November 30, 2018 by Trump, Mexican President Enrique Pea Nieto and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau as a secondary event of the 2018 G20 summit in Buenos Aires. A revised version was signed on December 10, 2019 and ratified by the three countries, with final ratification (Canada) taking place on March 13, 2020 just before the Canadian Parliament adjourned due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Estimate based on the methodology described in this appendix. These products are defined by the USITC 2020 Covid-19 Related Goods: U.S. Imports and Tariffs, converting harmonized tariff codes into Schedule B codes. Source: Author`s calculations.
The provisions of the Convention cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, industrial products, working conditions and digital commerce.