Despite all the noise in recent days and weeks about the demands made by British negotiators for a radically different and lean political statement (the document setting out ambitions for future relations), it is remarkable how little the document has changed. The new version contains 141 clauses – only six fewer than the original agreed by Theresa May`s government in November 2018. Some of these improvements are only available to bring it into line with the new withdrawal agreement, as. B the removal of references to the backstop of Northern Ireland. The new agreement even contains a typo of the original which, in section E on terrorism, refers to “violent extremis”. On 13 November 2018, the EU decided that “decisive progress” had been made in the Brexit negotiations, and on 14 November the European Commission and the UK Government published a draft withdrawal agreement as well as three protocols (on the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the SOVEREIGN territories of the United Kingdom in Cyprus and Gibraltar) and nine annexes. The text of the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the political declaration on the framework for future EU-UK relations were approved by EU heads of state and government at a specially convened European Council on 25 November 2018. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  The project contains ten annexes.
The first is a protocol to maintain an open border between the EU and the UK on the island of Ireland (usually known as the “Irish Backstop”). The second is the rules for establishing a common customs territory between the EU and the UK until a technical solution that allows both an open border and an independent customs policy can be found. The third area concerns the activities of the common customs territory. The fourth area concerns “good governance in the areas of taxation, environmental protection, social and labour standards, state aid, competition and state-owned enterprises. The five to eighteen provisions relate to the relevant provisions of EU law. In the ninth and tenth versions of the procedures that arise from the main sections of the project. Free trade agreement: EU and UK want to agree on this – a country-to-country agreement that encourages trade by removing trade barriers such as taxes on products from WTO rules: if countries do not have free trade agreements, they must act according to rules established by a global body called the World Trade Organization (WTO) , which means taxes on goods. , with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the backstop) and a revised political declaration.
On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. The withdrawal agreement negotiated between the EU and the UK and concluded on 14 November 2018 will be discussed in detail in this briefing. It was approved by the heads of state and government of EU Member States at an extraordinary European Council on 25 November, and the British Prime Minister did so in the British Parliament and across the country. The agreement has been the subject of in-depth discussions in Parliament on several occasions and has been adopted three times. But the House of Commons did not accept it. A second extension of Article 50 lasted until 31 October 2019, but once again the UK faces the possibility of leaving the EU without a deal if the agreement or any other agreement is not ratified by the UK and the EU. After Brexit, the parties aspire to an ambitious free trade agreement, with no tariffs or unlimited quotas. This is because the parties will meet high standards of environment, climate, workers` rights and other rules. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution.
It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU.